Bach, Peter M.5; Rauch, Wolfgang6; Mikkelsen, Peter Steen1; McCarthy, David T.5; Deletic, Ana5
1 Department of Environmental Engineering, Technical University of Denmark2 Urban Water Engineering, Department of Environmental Engineering, Technical University of Denmark3 Monash University4 University of Innsbruck5 Monash University6 University of Innsbruck
Modelling interactions in urban drainage, water supply and broader integrated urban water systems has been conceptually and logistically challenging as evidenced in a diverse body of literature, found to be confusing and intimidating to new researchers. This review consolidates thirty years of research (initially driven by interest in urban drainage modelling) and critically reflects upon integrated modelling in the scope of urban water systems. We propose a typology to classify integrated urban water system models at one of four ‘degrees of integration’ (followed by its exemplification). Key considerations (e.g. data issues, model structure, computational and integration-related aspects), common methodology for model development (through a systems approach), calibration/optimisation and uncertainty are discussed, placing importance on pragmatism and parsimony. Integrated urban water models should focus more on addressing interplay between social/economical and biophysical/technical issues, while its encompassing software should become more user-friendly. Possible future directions include exploring uncertainties and broader participatory modelling.
Environmental Modelling and Software, 2014, Vol 54, p. 88-107
Decision support; Integrated urban water management (IUWM); Inter-disciplinary modelling; Model integration; Uncertainty; Urban water systems