Increased cortisol levels have been suggested to play a role in the development of depression. An association has been shown in some studies but not consistently. The timing of an association is uncertain, and long-term follow-up studies may miss associations in narrower time windows. In the present study, we examined the association of several cortisol measures and depression in a repeated cross-sectional and short-term follow-up design. Depression was assessed by both self-reported symptoms of depression and clinical interviews.
Psychoneuroendocrinology, 2014, Vol 41, p. 63-74
Adult; Aged; Circadian Rhythm; Cross-Sectional Studies; Depression; Female; Follow-Up Studies; Humans; Hydrocortisone; Logistic Models; Male; Middle Aged; Occupational Health; Psychiatric Status Rating Scales; Public Sector; Saliva; Self Report; Young Adult; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't