Larsen, Christian Grønhøj1; Andersen, Peter Hundevadt3; Lorentzen, Henrik4; Zachariae, Claus3; Huldt-Nystrøm, Theis3; Dotterud, Lars Kåre3; Lindkvist, Rose-Marie3; Qvitzau, Susanne3
1 Department of Aesthetic Studies, Faculty of Humanities, Aarhus University, Aarhus University2 Department of Clinical Medicine - The Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Department of Clinical Medicine, Health, Aarhus University3 unknown4 Department of Clinical Medicine - The Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Department of Clinical Medicine, Health, Aarhus University
a prospective, non-interventional study of etanercept in the treatment of patients with moderate to severe plaque psoriasis in private dermatologist settings (ESTHER)
BACKGROUND: Real-life data on the therapeutic effectiveness and costs of etanercept are scarce. Objectives: To assess the clinical and economic impact of etanercept in patients with psoriasis in Denmark and Norway. MATERIAL & METHODS: This prospective, non-interventional study in a private dermatologist care setting in Denmark and Norway included patients ≥18 years with moderate to severe plaque psoriasis, selected for treatment with etanercept. Assessments during 1 year from etanercept initiation included Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI), Self-Administered Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (SAPASI) and adverse events. Direct and indirect costs were calculated. RESULTS: 163 subjects were enrolled. Baseline mean SAPASI was 19.1 . Proportion of patients with ≥50% decrease in SAPASI from baseline was 85% and 81% at weeks 24 and 52. DLQI decreased significantly from 11.4 (7.0) to 3.2 (4.3) and 3.7 (4.6) at weeks 24 and 52. Total annual costs increased from 78,000 to 286,000 DKK (p<0.0001), mainly due to the cost of etanercept. Outpatient-care costs and loss-of-productivity costs decreased from 9,500 to 5,000 (p = 0.0002), and from 33,000 to 18,000 DKK (p = 0.0105), respectively. The decrease in costs was more pronounced in patients who also had psoriatic arthritis. Cost increase was greatest during the first 6 months. CONCLUSION: Etanercept treatment was associated with decreased psoriasis severity and improved quality of life. Cost increase was driven by medication, while costs of outpatient care and loss-of-productivity decreased. Maintained improved quality of life was accompanied by decreasing cost during the second 6 month period of etanercept treatment. There were no new safety signals reported.
European Journal of Dermatology, 2013, Vol 23, Issue 6, p. 774-81
Adult; Ambulatory Care; Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal; Cost of Illness; Denmark; Drug Costs; Etanercept; Female; Health Care Costs; Humans; Immunoglobulin G; Male; Middle Aged; Norway; Private Practice; Prospective Studies; Psoriasis; Quality of Life; Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor; Severity of Illness Index