Beitzel, Knut1; Mazzocca, Augustus D2; Bak, Klaus3; Itoi, Eiji4; Kibler, William B5; Mirzayan, Raffy6; Imhoff, Andreas B7; Calvo, Emilio8; Arce, Guillermo9; Shea, Kevin10
1 Department of Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgery, BG Trauma Center, Murnau, Germany.2 Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, Connecticut, U.S.A. Electronic address: email@example.com Orthopaedic Surgery, Herlev and Gentofte Hospital, The Capital Region of Denmark4 Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Tohoku University School of Medicine, Sendai, Japan.5 Lexington Clinic Orthopedics-Sports Medicine Center, Lexington, Kentucky, U.S.A.6 Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kaiser Permanente, Baldwin Park, California, U.S.A.7 Department of Orthopaedic Sports Medicine, Technical University of Munich, Munich, Germany.8 Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Fundación Jiménez Díaz, Autónoma University, Madrid, Spain.9 Instituto Argentino de Diagnostico y Tratamiento, Buenos Aires, Argentina.10 Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, Connecticut, U.S.A.11 unknown
Optimal treatment for the unstable acromioclavicular (AC) joint remains a highly debated topic in the field of orthopaedic medicine. In particular, no consensus exists regarding treatment of grade III injuries, which are classified according to the Rockwood classification by disruption of both the coracoclavicular and AC ligaments. The ISAKOS Upper Extremity Committee has provided a more specific classification of shoulder pathologies to enhance the knowledge on and clinical approach to these injuries. We suggest the addition of grade IIIA and grade IIIB injuries to a modified Rockwood classification. Grade IIIA injuries would be defined by a stable AC joint without overriding of the clavicle on the cross-body adduction view and without significant scapular dysfunction. The unstable grade IIIB injury would be further defined by therapy-resistant scapular dysfunction and an overriding clavicle on the cross-body adduction view.
Arthroscopy : the Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery : Official Publication of the Arthroscopy Association of North America and the International Arthroscopy Association, 2014, Vol 30, Issue 2, p. 271-8