We use density functional theory calculations to investigate the stability of cubic perovskites for photo-electrochemical water splitting taking both materials in their bulk crystal structure and dissolved phases into account. The method is validated through a detailed comparison of the calculated and experimental Pourbaix diagrams for TiO2 and ZnO. For a class of 23 oxides, oxynitrides, and oxyfluorides, which were recently proposed as candidates for one-photon water splitting, our calculations predict most of the materials to be stable at potentials around the water red-ox level. The oxides become less stable at lower potentials, while the oxynitrides become unstable at higher potentials. We discuss the implications of these findings for the problem of photo-corrosion of water splitting electrodes.
Topics in Catalysis, 2014, Vol 57, Issue 1-4, p. 265-272