Ostri, Christoffer2; Lux, Anja2; Lund-Andersen, Henrik3; la Cour, Morten2
1 Department of Clinical Medicine, Department of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Københavns Universitet2 unknown3 Department of Clinical Medicine, Department of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Københavns Universitet
a 10-year follow-up study
PURPOSE: To report long-term results, prognostic factors and cataract surgery after diabetic vitrectomy. METHODS: Retrospective review of patient files from a large diabetes centre between 1996 and 2010. Surgical history was obtained from the Danish National Patient Register. Follow-up intervals were 3 months and 1, 3, 5 and 10 years after surgery. RESULTS: In total, 167 patients had diabetic vitrectomy indicated for non-clearing vitreous haemorrhage (47%) and tractional retinal detachment (53%). The proportion of patients with visual acuity ≥0.3 increased from 29% before surgery to 60% after 3 months (p < 0.001, chi-square test). Median visual acuity increased from 0.06 before surgery to 0.3 after 3 months (p < 0.001, paired signed-rank test) and 0.4 after 1 year (p = 0.009) before stabilizing. No significant long-term prognostic factors were identified for non-clearing vitreous haemorrhage patients. For tractional retinal detachment patients, use of silicone oil was associated with low vision (visual acuity<0.3) after 3 months and 1, 3 and 5 years (all odds ratios >4 and p-values ≤ 0.03, logistic regression). Of the 134 patients who were phakic after surgery, 43% and 29% were phakic after 5 and 10 years, respectively. Use of silicone oil increased the risk of cataract surgery (p = 0.009, log-rank test). CONCLUSIONS: Most diabetic vitrectomy patients stand to gain visual acuity ≥0.3 after surgery and a stable long-term visual acuity after 1 year. The only consistent long-term predictor of low vision after surgery is use of silicone oil for endotamponade. About 2/3 of phakic patients will subsequently have cataract surgery the first 10 years after diabetic vitrectomy.
Acta Ophthamologica (online), 2014, Vol 92, Issue 6, p. 571-576