BACKGROUND: Despite recommended pharmacotherapies the use of secondary prevention therapy after myocardial infarction (MI) remains suboptimal. Patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) have worse prognosis after MI compared to patients without DM and aggressive secondary prevention pharmacotherapy in this population is therefore warranted. We examined the changes in use of evidence-based secondary prevention pharmacotherapy in patients with and without DM discharged after first MI. METHODS: All patients aged 30 years or older admitted with first MI in Denmark during 1997-2006 were identified by individual-level linkage of nationwide registries of hospitalizations. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression models were used to identify patient characteristics associated with initiation of acetylsalicylic acid, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin receptor blockers, β-blockers, and clopidogrel within 90 days, and statins within 180 days of discharge, respectively. RESULTS: A total of 78,230 patients were included, the mean age was 68.3 years (SD 13.0), 63.5% were men and 9,797 (12.5%) had diabetes. Comparison of claimed prescriptions in the period 1997-2002 and 2003-2006 showed significant (p < 0.001) increases in claims for acetylsalicylic acid (38.9% vs. 69.7%), angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin receptor blockers (38.7% vs. 50.4%), β-blockers (69.2% vs. 77.9%), clopidogrel (16.7% vs. 66.3%), and statins (41.3% vs. 77.3%). During 2003-2006, patients with DM claimed significantly less acetylsalicylic acid (odds ratio [OR] 0.81 [95% confidence interval [CI] 0.74-0.88) and clopidogrel (OR 0.91 [95% CI 0.83-1.00]) than patients without DM. CONCLUSIONS: Despite sizeable increase in use of evidence-based secondary prevention pharmacotherapy after MI from 1997 to 2006, these drugs are not used in a substantial proportion of subjects and patients with DM received significantly less antiplatelet therapy than patients without DM. Increased focus on initiation of secondary prevention pharmacotherapy after MI is warranted, especially in patients with DM.
B M C Cardiovascular Disorders, 2014, Vol 14, Issue 4
Journal Article; Observational Study; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Adult; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Cardiovascular Agents; Chi-Square Distribution; Denmark; Diabetes Complications; Drug Prescriptions; Drug Utilization Review; Female; Humans; Logistic Models; Male; Middle Aged; Multivariate Analysis; Myocardial Infarction; Odds Ratio; Patient Discharge; Physician's Practice Patterns; Registries; Secondary Prevention; Time Factors; Treatment Outcome