Lohne, Ørjan Fossmark3; Phung, Tan Nhut4; Grande, Tor3; Bouwmeester, Henny J. M.4; Hendriksen, Peter Vang1; Søgaard, Martin2; Wiik, Kjell3
1 Department of Energy Conversion and Storage, Technical University of Denmark2 Mixed Conductors, Department of Energy Conversion and Storage, Technical University of Denmark3 Norwegian University of Science and Technology4 University of Twente
The oxygen non-stoichiometry was determined by coulometric titration for the perovskite oxides La0.2Sr0.8FeO3 − δ and La0.2Sr0.8Fe0.8B0.2O3 − δ (B = Ti4+ and Ta5+) in the temperature range 600 °C ⩽ T ⩽ 900 °C and the oxygen partial pressure range: 1⋅10-15≤po2≤0.209 atm. The non-stoichiometry (δ) is observed to decrease with B-site substitution of Fe. The data can be well fitted with simple defect chemistry models. At low oxygen non-stoichiometry all compositions show a deviation from a localized electrons defect model. The standard and partial molar thermodynamic quantities were obtained and a gradual transition from localized to itinerant electrons with decreasing non-stoichiometry is proposed from the δ-dependency of the configurational entropy. The absolute value of the enthalpy of oxidation decreases upon B-site substitution of Fe proposing a decreased thermodynamic stability for the substituted materials. The electrical conductivity was measured at T = 900 °C in the oxygen partial pressure range: 1⋅10-17≤po2≤0.209 atm. The electrical conductivity and charge carrier mobility decrease upon 20% substitution of Fe roughly by a factor of 2, but do not show a significant dependence on the nature of the B-site dopant.
Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 2014, Vol 161, Issue 3