1 Theoretical Particle Physics and Cosmology, The Niels Bohr Institute, Faculty of Science, Københavns Universitet2 Institute of Theoretical Physics, Warsaw University, ul. Hoża 69, 00-681 Warsaw, Poland3 Theoretical Particle Physics and Cosmology, The Niels Bohr Institute, Faculty of Science, Københavns Universitet
Detailed knowledge of the primordial power spectrum of curvature perturbations is essential both in order to elucidate the physical mechanism (`inflation') which generated it, and for estimating the cosmological parameters from observations of the cosmic microwave background and large-scale structure. Hence it ought to be extracted from such data in a model-independent manner, however this is difficult because relevant cosmological observables are given by a convolution of the primordial perturbations with some smoothing kernel which depends on both the assumed world model and the matter content of the universe. Moreover the deconvolution problem is ill-conditioned so a regularisation scheme must be employed to control error propagation. We demonstrate that `Tikhonov regularisation' can robustly reconstruct the primordial spectrum from multiple cosmological data sets, a significant advantage being that both its uncertainty and resolution are then quantified. Using Monte Carlo simulations we investigate several regularisation parameter selection methods and find that generalised cross-validation and Mallow's Cp method give optimal results. We apply our inversion procedure to data from the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe, other ground-based small angular scale CMB experiments, and the Sloan Digital Sky Survey. The reconstructed spectrum (assuming the standard ΛCDM cosmology) is not scale-free but has an infrared cutoff at k \lesssim 5 × 10−4 Mpc^−1 (due to the anomalously low CMB quadrupole) and several features with ~ 2σ significance at k/Mpc^−1 ~ 0.0013–0.0025, 0.0362–0.0402 and 0.051–0.056, reflecting the `WMAP glitches'. To test whether these are indeed real will require more accurate data, such as from the Planck satellite and new ground-based experiments.
Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, 2014, Vol 2014, Issue 01
The Faculty of Science; CMBR theory cosmological parameters from LSS inflation cosmological parameters from CMBR