1 Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark 2 Center for Energy Resources Engineering, Center, Technical University of Denmark 3 CERE – Center for Energy Ressources Engineering, Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark
A new apparatus for the study of high-pressure phase equilibria using a synthetic method is described. The apparatus was especially developed for the study of solubilities of gases in condensed phases, at temperatures ranging from 243 K to 353 K and pressures up to 20 MPa. The quality of the equipment was confirmed through several tests, including measurements along the three phase co-existence line for the system ethane + methanol, the study of the solubility of methane in water, and of carbon dioxide in water. An analysis regarding the application of the synthetic isothermal method in the study of gas solubilities was performed, in order to evaluate the influence of common assumptions and of various experimental aspects on the final solubility results. The analysis revealed that the largest influence on the precision of the solubility results is related to the ratio between the volumes of the two phases in equilibrium. Experiments with small volume of the vapour phase are less susceptible to the influence of other sources of errors, resulting in a higher precision of the final results. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.
Journal of Supercritical Fluids, 2014, Vol 86, p. 49-56
Carbon dioxide; Error analysis; Methane; Phase equilibria; Solubility; Condensed phasis; Experimental; Experimental aspects; Gas solubility; High-pressure phase equilibrium; Isothermal methods; New apparatus; Synthetic methods; Synthetic method
Main Research Area: