1 Fluid Mechanics and Combustion, The Faculty of Engineering and Science, Aalborg University, VBN2 Department of Energy Technology, The Faculty of Engineering and Science, Aalborg University, VBN3 The Faculty of Engineering and Science (ENG), Aalborg University, VBN4 Instituto Nacional del Carbón, INCAR-CSIC
A computational fluid dynamics modelling study and experimental validation
This paper presents an experimental and numerical study on co-firing olive waste (0, 10%, 20% on mass basis) with two coals in an entrained flow reactor under three oxy-fuel conditions (21%O2/79%CO2, 30%O2/70%CO2 and 35%O2/65%CO2) and air–fuel condition. Co-firing biomass with coal was found to have favourable synergy effects in all the cases: it significantly improves the burnout and remarkably lowers NOx emissions. The reduced peak temperatures during co-firing can also help to mitigate deposition formation in real furnaces. Co-firing CO2-neutral biomass with coals under oxy-fuel conditions can achieve a below-zero CO2 emission if the released CO2 is captured and sequestered. The model-predicted burnout and gaseous emissions were compared against the experimental results. A very good agreement was observed, the differences in a range of ± 5–10% of the experimental values, which indicates the model can be used to aid in design and optimization of large-scale biomass co-firing under oxy-fuel conditions.
Fuel Processing Technology, 2014, Vol 120, p. 22-33