BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Autologous platelet-rich fibrin (PRF(®)) is prepared by the automatic Vivostat(®) system. Conflicting results with Vivostat PRF in acute wound healing prompted us to examine its cellular and biomolecular composition. Specifically, platelets, selected growth factors and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 were quantified using novel analytical methods. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten healthy non-thrombocytopenic volunteers donated blood for generation of intermediate fibrin-I and final PRF. Anticoagulated whole blood and serum procured in parallel served as baseline controls. Leucocyte, erythrocyte and platelet counts in whole blood and fibrin-I were determined by automated haematology analyser. Platelet concentration in PRF was quantified manually by stereologic analysis of Giemsa-stained tissue sections, and the total content of five growth factors and MMP-9 by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. RESULTS: The number of leucocytes and erythrocytes was reduced (P < 0·001), whereas platelets increased (P < 0·001) in fibrin-I versus whole blood. PRF contained 982 ± 206 × 10(9) platelets/l representing 3·9-fold (P < 0·001) enrichment relative to whole blood. Growth factor abundance in Vivostat PRF and serum was in descending order: transforming growth factor-β1 [5·1-fold higher in PRF than serum, P < 0·001] > platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-AB [2·5-fold, P < 0·01] > PDGF-BB [1·6-fold, P < 0·05] > vascular endothelial growth factor > basic fibroblast growth factor [75-fold, P < 0·001]. MMP-9 was reduced 139-fold (P < 0·001) compared with serum, reflecting leucocyte depletion in PRF. CONCLUSION: The gained knowledge on platelet enrichment and biomolecular constituents may guide clinicians in their optimal use of Vivostat PRF for tissue regenerative applications.