Water leakage is an important component of water loss. Many methods have emerged from urban water supply systems for leakage control, but it still remains a challenge in many countries. Pressure management is an effective way to reduce the leakage in a system. It can also reduce the power consumption. To this end, an optimal control strategy is proposed in this paper. In the water supply system model, the hydraulic resistance of the valve is estimated by the real data from a water supply system and it is considered to be a disturbance. The method which is used to solve the nonlinear optimal control problem is the interior point method. The method which is used in this paper can be used for a general hydraulic networks to optimize the leakage and energy consumption and to satisfy the demands at the end-users.
Nonlinear Dynamics, 2014, Vol 75, Issue 3, p. 539-548