Two-photon photoemission electron microscopy (2P-PEEM) is used to measure the real and imaginary part of the dispersion relation of surface plasmon polaritons at different interface systems. A comparison of calculated and measured dispersion data for a gold/vacuum interface demonstrates the capability of the presented experimental approach. A systematic 2P-PEEM study on the dispersion relation of dielectric-loaded gold surfaces shows how effective the propagation of surface plasmon polaritons at a gold/para-hexaphenylene interface can be tuned by adjustment of the dielectric film thickness. Deviations of the experimental results from effective index calculations indicate the relevance of thin film peculiarities arising from the details of the growth process and corroborate the need of experimental analysis techniques for dispersion relation measurements.
Applied Physics. B, Lasers and Optics (print), 2014, Vol 116, Issue 3, p. 585-591