Rimi, Nadia Ali3; Sultana, Rebeca3; Ishtiak-Ahmed, Kazi4; Khan, Salah Uddin3; Sharker, M A Yushuf3; Uz Zaman, Rashid3; Azziz-Baumgartner, Eduardo3; Gurley, Emily S3; Nahar, Nazmun3; Luby, Stephen P3
1 Section of Social Medicine, Department of Public Health, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Københavns Universitet2 Department of Public Health, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Københavns Universitet3 unknown4 Section of Social Medicine, Department of Public Health, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Københavns Universitet
a qualitative study
Slaughtering sick poultry is a risk factor for human infection with highly pathogenic avian influenza and is a common practice in Bangladesh. This paper describes human exposures to poultry during slaughtering process and the customs and rituals influencing these practices in two Bangladeshi rural communities. In 2009, we conducted 30 observations to observe slaughtering practices and 110 in-depth and short interviews and 36 group discussions to explore reasons behind those practices. The villagers reported slaughtering 103 poultry, including 20 sick poultry during 2 months. During different stages of slaughtering, humans, the environment, healthy poultry, and other animals were exposed to poultry blood and body parts. Women performed most of the slaughtering tasks, including evisceration. Defeathering required the most time and involved several persons. During festivals, ceremonies, and rituals, many people gathered and participated in the slaughtering of poultry. Exposure to poultry slaughtering created numerous opportunities for potential avian influenza transmission. Strategies that can be further tested to determine if they reduce the risk of transmission include skinning the carcasses of sick poultry, using hot water for defeathering and cleaning, using a bucket to contain slaughtering blood and carcass, burying the offal and encouraging handwashing.
Ecohealth, 2014, Vol 11, Issue 1, p. 83-93
Abattoirs; Adolescent; Adult; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Animal Husbandry; Animals; Bangladesh; Birds; Disease Transmission, Infectious; Female; Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice; Humans; Influenza in Birds; Influenza, Human; Male; Middle Aged; Risk Factors; Rural Population; Young Adult