1 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark 2 Manufacturing Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark 3 Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark 4 The Danish Polymer Centre, Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark
Based on extensional viscosities measured on narrow molecular weight distributed (NMMD) polystyrenes and polystyrene oligomer dilutions thereof, we discuss the relation between the flow physics of polymer solutions and melts. A polymer solution is here characterized as a dilution where the diluent contains less than two Kuhn steps. At the same entanglement number (e.g. concentrations) its extensional viscosities are up to about 300% higher than the corresponding viscosities for polymer blends. A blend is understood as a polymer system diluted with polymer/oligomer containing active chain in term of Kuhn steps, e.g. at least two Kuhn steps. A similar disagreement is observed between blends and pure NMMD melts, both containing the same entanglement number. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.
Journal of Non-newtonian Fluid Mechanics, 2014, Vol 204, p. 1-6
Polymer solutions; Polystyrenes; Viscosity; Polymer melts
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