Pultrusion is a continuousmanufacturing process used to produce high strength composite profiles with constant cross section.The mutual interactions between heat transfer, resin flow and cure reaction, variation in the material properties, and stress/distortion evolutions strongly affect the process dynamics together with the mechanical properties and the geometrical precision of the final product. In the present work, pultrusion process simulations are performed for a unidirectional (UD) graphite/epoxy composite rod including several processing physics, such as fluid flow, heat transfer, chemical reaction, and solid mechanics. The pressure increase and the resin flow at the tapered inlet of the die are calculated by means of a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) finite volume model. Several models, based on different homogenization levels and solution schemes, are proposed and compared for the evaluation of the temperature and the degree of cure distributions inside the heating die and at the postdie region.The transient stresses, distortions, and pull force are predicted using a sequentially coupled three-dimensional (3D) thermochemical analysis together with a 2D plane strain mechanical analysis using the finite element method and compared with results obtained from a semianalytical approach.
Advances in Mechanical Engineering, 2013, Vol 2013