Kristensen, Philip Trøst1; Mortensen, Jakob Egeberg3; Lodahl, Peter4; Stobbe, Søren4
1 Department of Photonics Engineering, Technical University of Denmark2 Nanophotonics Theory and Signal Processing, Department of Photonics Engineering, Technical University of Denmark3 Risø National Laboratory for Sustainable Energy, Technical University of Denmark4 University of Copenhagen
We investigate spontaneous emission from excitons beyond the point source dipole approximation and show how the symmetry of the exciton wave function plays a crucial role. We find that for spherically symmetric wave functions, the Purcell effect is independent of the wave function size and therefore is given exactly by the dipole approximation theory. This surprising result is a spontaneous emission counterpart to the shell theorems of classical mechanics and electrostatics and provides insights into the physics of mesoscopic emitters as well as great simplifications in practical calculations.
Physical Review B (condensed Matter and Materials Physics), 2013, Vol 88, Issue 20