1 Section of Chemistry, The Faculty of Engineering and Science, Aalborg University, VBN2 Department of Chemistry and Bioscience, The Faculty of Engineering and Science, Aalborg University, VBN3 Inorganic Amorphous Materials, The Faculty of Engineering and Science, Aalborg University, VBN4 The Faculty of Engineering and Science (ENG), Aalborg University, VBN5 Qilu University of Technology6 Qilu University of Technology
We report a detailed calorimetric study concerning the influence of Yb2O3 and Er2O3 on the non-isothermal crystallization in phosphosilicate melts. The results show that Yb3+/Er3+ ions promote the Zn2SiO4 crystal formation, but suppress the Na3PO4 and AlPO4 formation during cooling. The non-isothermal melt-crystallization kinetics can be well described by the Avrami model. The activation energy Ee of crystallization in both the undoped and Yb3+/Er3+ codoped samples during cooling is determined using the differential iso-conversional method of Friedman. The Ee value decreases with crystallinity (θ = 0.1 to 0.9) during cooling for both glasses, and introducing Yb2O3 and Er2O3 leads to an increase in energy barrier of crystallization upon cooling.
Journal of Non-crystalline Solids, 2014, Vol 385, p. 75-80