Nagy, Edina2; Niss, Marete2; Dlauchy, Dénes2; Arneborg, Nils3; Nielsen, Dennis Sandris3; Péter, Gábor2
1 Microbiology and Fermentation, Department of Food Science, Faculty of Science, Københavns Universitet2 Corvinus University of Budapest3 Microbiology and Fermentation, Department of Food Science, Faculty of Science, Københavns Universitet
Five yeast strains, phenotypically indistinguishable from Yarrowia lipolytica and Yarrowia deformans, were recovered from different animal-related samples. One strain was isolated from a bacon processing plant in Denmark, two strains from chicken liver in the USA, one strain from chicken breast in Hungary and one from minced beef in Hungary. Comparisons of the sequences of their large subunit rRNA gene D1/D2 domain and the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) regions revealed that, despite their phenotypic similarity, they represent a novel yeast species of the Yarrowia clade with Y. deformans being the genotypically closest relative (LSU rRNA gene D1/D2 and ITS region similarity of 97.0 and 93.7 %, respectively). Yarrowia divulgata f.a., sp. nov. is proposed to accommodate these strains with F6-17(T) ( = CBS 11013(T) = CCUG 56725(T)) as the type strain. Some D1/D2 sequences of yeasts from marine habitats were found in the GenBank database that were identical to those of the strains of Y. divulgata f.a., sp. nov. Unfortunately, these strains were not available for our study.
International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, 2013, Vol 63, Issue Pt 12, p. 4818-4823