The primary objective of this study was to assess the expression of MIB-1 (Ki-67) in tumour tissues from 808 patients with epithelial ovarian tumours. The second was to evaluate, whether MIB-1 (Ki-67) tissue expression levels correlate with clinicopathological parameters and prognosis of the disease. Using tissue arrays (TA), we analysed the MIB-1 (Ki-67) expression levels in tissues from 202 women with borderline ovarian tumours (BOT) (177 stage I, 5 stage II, 19 stage III, 1 stage IV) and 606 ovarian cancer (OC) patients (177 stage I, 64 stage II, 311 stage III, 54 stage IV). Using a 10% cut-off level for MIB-1 (Ki-67) overexpression, 12% of the BOTs and 51% of the OCs were positive for MIB-1 (Ki-67) expression. The frequency of MIB-1 (Ki-67) expression-positive OC increased with increasing FIGO stage (p = 0.003), increasing histological grade (p ≤ 0.0001), and a significantly different distribution of MIB-1 (Ki-67) positive and negative tumours were found in adenocarcinoma NOS, serous adenocarcinomas, mucinous adenocarcinomas, endometrioid adenocarcinomas, non-epithelial and clear-cell carcinomas (p = 0.016). Univariate Kaplan-Meier survival analysis performed on all OC cases showed a significant shorter disease specific survival in patients with positive MIB-1 (Ki-67) expression in the tumour tissue (p ≤ 0.0001). In a Cox survival analysis including 606 FIGO stages I to IV OC cases, FIGO stage (II vs I: HR = 3.00, 95% CI: 1.81-4.99, III-I: HR = 6.41, 95% CI: 3.90-10.50, IV vs I: HR = 12.69, 95% CI: 7.21-22); age at diagnosis pr.10 years (HR = 1.27, 95% CI: 1.15-1.40), residual tumour after surgery (HR = 1.95, 95% CI: 1.40-2.73) and MIB-1 (Ki-67) expression (HR = 1.31, 95% CI: 1.08-1.60) had a significant independent impact on survival. Histological grade (p = 0.14) and histological tumour type (p = 0.35) had no significant independent impact on survival. In conclusion, our results predict that an increased level of MIB-1 (Ki-67) expression in tumour tissue, points to a less favourable outcome for OC patients.
Apmis : Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica, Et Immunologica Scandinavica, 2013, Vol 121, Issue 12, p. 1177-1186
Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't