1 Psykiatrisk Center Ballerup afd Gentofte, Psykiatrisk Center Ballerup, Mental Health Services, The Capital Region of Denmark2 Psykiatrisk Center Ballerup, Mental Health Services, The Capital Region of Denmark3 Karolinska Institutet4 Psykiatrisk Center København afd O - Rigshospitalet
This article discusses major themes in recent transcultural psychiatric research in the Nordic countries from 2008 to 2011: (a) epidemiological studies of migration, (b) indigenous populations, and (c) quality of psychiatric care for migrants. Over the past several decades, the populations of the Nordic countries, Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Sweden, which were relatively homogeneous, have become increasingly culturally diverse. Many migrants to Nordic countries have been exposed to extreme stress, such as threats of death and/or torture and other severe social adversities before, during, and after migration, with potential effects on their physical, mental, social, and spiritual health. Growing interest in transcultural issues is reflected in the level of scientific research and clinical activity in the field by Nordic physicians, psychologists, social scientists, demographers, medical anthropologists, as well as other clinicians and policy planners. Research includes work with migrants and indigenous minorities in the Nordic countries, as well as comparisons with mental health in postconflict countries. We conclude by suggesting future directions for transcultural psychiatry research and providing guidelines for the education and training of future clinicians in the Nordic countries.
Transcultural Psychiatry, 2013, Vol 50, Issue 6, p. 841-57