Miller, I M3; Skaaby, T4; Ellervik, C5; Jemec, G B E5
1 Department of Clinical Medicine, Department of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Københavns Universitet2 Center of Epidemiology and Screening, Department of Public Health, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Københavns Universitet3 Department of Dermatology, Roskilde Hospital, Køgevej 7-13, 4000 Roskilde, Denmark.4 unknown5 Department of Clinical Medicine, Department of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Københavns Universitet
BACKGROUND: In a previous meta-analysis on categorical data we found an association between psoriasis and cardiovascular disease and associated risk factors. OBJECTIVES: To quantify the level of cardiovascular disease risk factors in order to provide additional data for the clinical management of the increased risk. METHODS: This was a meta-analysis of observational studies with continuous outcome using random-effects statistics. A systematic search of studies published before 25 October 2012 was conducted using the databases Medline, EMBASE, International Pharmaceutical Abstracts, PASCAL and BIOSIS. RESULTS: We included 59 studies with up to 18 666 cases and 50 724 controls. Psoriasis cases had a higher total cholesterol [weighted mean difference 8·83 mg dL(-1) , 95% confidence interval (CI) 2·94-14·72, P = 0·003 (= 0·23 mmol L(-1) )], higher low-density lipoprotein cholesterol [9·90 mg dL(-1) , 95% CI 1·56-18·20, P = 0·020 (= 0·25 mmol L(-1) )], higher triglyceride [16·32 mg dL(-1) , 95% CI 12·02-20·63, P < 0·001 (= 0·18 mmol L(-1) )], a higher systolic blood pressure (4·77 mmHg, 95% CI 1·62-7·92, P = 0·003), a higher diastolic blood pressure (2·99 mmHg, 95% CI 0·60-5·38, P = 0·014), higher body mass idex (0·73 kg m(-2) , 95% CI 0·37-1·09, P < 0·001), higher waist circumference (3·61 cm, 95% CI 2·12-5·10, P < 0·001), higher fasting glucose [3·52 mg dL(-1) , 95% CI 0·64-6·41, P = 0·017 (= 0·20 mmol L(-1) )], higher nonfasting glucose [11·70 mg dL(-1) , 95% CI 11·24-12·15, P < 0·001 (= 0·65 mmol L(-1) )] and a higher HbA1c [1·09 mmol mol(-1) , 95% CI 0·87-1·31, P < 0·001 (= 2·2%)]. CONCLUSIONS: From a preventive medicine perspective, the weighted mean differences between cases and controls are significant, and therefore relevant to the clinical management of patients with psoriasis.
British Journal of Dermatology, 2013, Vol 169, Issue 6, p. 1180-7