Tropiano, Manuel2; Blackburn, Octavia A.2; Tilney, James A.2; Hill, Leila R.2; Placidi, Matteo P.3; Aarons, Rebecca J.3; Sykes, Daniel2; Jones, Michael W.2; Kenwright, Alan M.6; Snaith, John S.7; Sørensen, Thomas Just8; Faulkner, Stephen2
1 Administration, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Københavns Universitet2 Oxford University3 University of Manchester4 University of Durham5 University of Birmingham6 University of Durham7 University of Birmingham8 Administration, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Københavns Universitet
A study of the anion-binding properties of three structurally related lanthanide complexes, which all contain chemically identical anion-binding motifs, has revealed dramatic differences in their anion affinity. These arise as a consequence of changes in the substitution pattern on the periphery of the molecule, at a substantial distance from the binding pocket. Herein, we explore these remote substituent effects and explain the observed behaviour through discussion of the way in which remote substituents can influence and control the global structure of a molecule through their demands upon conformational space. Peripheral modifications to a binuclear lanthanide motif derived from α,α'-bis(DO3 Ayl)-m-xylene are shown to result in dramatic changes to the binding constant for isophthalate. In this system, the parent compound displays considerable conformational flexibility, yet can be assumed to bind to isophthalate through a well-defined conformer. Addition of steric bulk remote from the binding site restricts conformational mobility, giving rise to an increase in binding constant on entropic grounds as long as the ideal binding conformation is not excluded from the available range of conformers.
Chemistry: a European Journal, 2013, Vol 19, Issue 49, p. 16566-16571