1 Department of Applied Mathematics and Computer Science, Technical University of Denmark2 Statistics and Data Analysis, Department of Applied Mathematics and Computer Science, Technical University of Denmark3 Copenhagen University Hospital4 Aarhus University5 Odense University Hospital6 Aalborg University Hospital7 Pfizer Oncology
results from the Danish Renal Cancer Group (DARENCA) study-2
AbstractAim To evaluate the implementation of targeted therapy on overall survival (OS) in a complete national cohort of patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC). Methods All Danish patients with mRCC referred for first line treatment with immunotherapy, TKIs or mTOR-inhibitors between 2006 and 2010 were included. Baseline and outcome data were collected retrospectively. Prognostics factors were identified using log-rank tests and Cox proportional hazard model. Differences in distributions were tested with the Chi-square test. Results 1049 patients were referred; 744 patients received first line treatment. From 2006 to 2010 we observed a significant increase in the number of referred patients; a significant increase in treated patients (64% versus 75%, P = 0.0188); a significant increase in first line targeted therapy (22% versus 75%, P < 0.0001); a significant increase in second line treatment (20% versus 40%, P = 0.0104), a significant increased median OS (11.5 versus 17.2 months, P = 0.0435) whereas survival for untreated patients remained unchanged. Multivariate analysis validated known prognostic factors. Moreover, treatment start years 2008 (HR 0.74, 95% CI, 0.55–0.99; P = 0.0415), 2009 (HR 0.72, 95% CI, 0.54–0.96; P = 0.0277) and 2010 (HR 0.63, 95% CI, 0.47–0.86; P = 0.0035) compared to 2006, and more than two treatment lines received for patients with performance status 0–1 (HR 0.76, 95% CI, 0.58–0.99; P = 0.0397) and performance status 2–3 (HR 0.19, 95% CI, 0.06–0.60; P = 0.0051) were significantly associated with longer OS. Conclusion This retrospective study documents that the implementation of targeted therapy has resulted in significantly improved treatment rates and overall survival in a complete national cohort of treated mRCC patients.
European Journal of Cancer, 2014, Vol 50, Issue 3, p. 553-562