1 Department of Nordic Research, Faculty of Humanities, Københavns Universitet2 Department of Nordic Studies and Linguistics, Faculty of Humanities, Københavns Universitet3 Department of Nordic Studies and Linguistics, Faculty of Humanities, Københavns Universitet
The distribution and semantics of “main clause word order” in spoken Danish complement clausesDistribution og semantik af "helsætningsordstilling" i ledsætninger i dansk talesprog
In this article, we investigate a hypothesis regarding the distinction between the word orders ‘finite verb, adverb’ (V>Adv, in Scandinavian linguistics often considered an instance of V2, also in subject initial clauses) and ‘adverb, finite verb’ (Adv>V, sometimes referred to as V3) in Mainland Scandinavian complement clauses. The hypothesis is semantico-pragmatic and reads that V>Adv signals foregrounding of the subordinate clause, i.e. that its content is the main point of the utterance. Our results, based upon detailed coding of the LANCHART corpus of spoken Danish, are readily interpretable as supporting the semantico-pragmatic hypothesis. Our results show that V>Adv is much more frequent in subordinate clauses than commonly assumed, and that complement clauses in Danish are not in general characterized by having Adv>V word order, but only by the possibility of having this word order. Results seemingly in conflict with predictions of the semantico-pragmatic hypothesis are discussed with respect to possible norm conflicts and shifts in communicative strategy during speech production.
Lingua, 2013, Vol 137, p. 38-58
Faculty of Humanities; ledstilling; Talesprog; forgrundsbetydning; ledsætninger; sproglig variation og forandring; dansk grammatik; Informationsstruktur; complement clause; word order; variation; Danish; foregrounding; main clause phenomena