1 Department of Applied Mathematics and Computer Science, Technical University of Denmark2 Statistics and Data Analysis, Department of Applied Mathematics and Computer Science, Technical University of Denmark3 Danish Meat Research Institute4 Danish Meat Research Institute
In food quality monitoring, color is an important indicator factor of quality. The CIELab (L⁎a⁎b⁎) color space as a device independent color space is an appropriate means in this case. The commonly used colorimeter instruments can neither measure the L⁎a⁎b color in a wide area over the target surface nor in a contact-less mode. However, developing algorithms for conversion of food items images into L⁎a⁎b color space can solve both of these issues. This paper addresses the problem of L⁎a⁎b color prediction from multispectral images of different types of raw meat. The efficiency of using multispectral images instead of the standard RGB is investigated. In addition, it is demonstrated that due to the fiber structure and transparency of raw meat, the prediction models built on the standard color patches do not work for raw meat test samples. As a result, multispectral images of different types of meat samples (430–970 nm) were used for training and testing of the L⁎a⁎b prediction models. Finding a sparse solution or the use of a minimum number of bands is of particular interest to make an industrial vision set-up simpler and cost effective. In this paper, a wide range of linear, non-linear, kernel-based regression and sparse regression methods are compared. In order to improve the prediction results of these models, we propose a supervised feature selection strategy which is compared with the Principal component analysis (PCA) as a pre-processing step. The results showed that the proposed feature selection method outperforms the PCA for both linear and non-linear methods. The highest performance was obtained by linear ridge regression applied on the selected features from the proposed Elastic net (EN) -based feature selection strategy. All the best models use a reduced number of wavelengths for each of the L⁎a⁎b components.
Engineering Applications of Artificial Intelligence, 2014, Vol 27, p. 211-227
L⁎ a⁎ b⁎ color space; Multispectral imaging; Sparse regression; Artificial neural networks; Support vector machine; Supervised feature selection