In the past four decades following the global oil crisis in 1973, Denmark has implemented remarkable changes in its energy sector, mainly due to energy conservation measures on the demand side and energy efficiency improvements on the supply side. Nowadays the optimal expansion of district heating networks in relation with significant heat saving measures that are capital intensive infrastructure investments require highly detailed decision - support tools. The Heat Atlas for Denmark provides a highly detailed database and includes heat demand and possible heat savings for about 2.5 million buildings with associated costs included. Energy systems modelling tools that incorporate economic, environmental, energy and engineering analysis of future energy systems are considered crucial for quantitative assessment of transitional scenarios towards future milestones, such as (i) EU 2020 goals of reducing greenhouse gas emissions, increasing share of renewable energy and improving energy efficiency and (ii) Denmark’s 2050 goals of covering entire energy supply by renewable energy. Optimization and simulation energy system models are currently used in Denmark. The present paper tends to provide a comprehensive insight into the use of the Heat Atlas for Denmark in recent studies dealing with municipal strategic energy planning and main scientific papers addressing those issues. A literature review of current advancements and discoveries in linking the Heat Atlas and energy system models will be presented, while special attention will be given to treating competing investments between heat supply and savings using optimization models. Main scientific contributors, their methodologies and areas for future research will be identified.
Proceedings of the 8th Conference on Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems, 2013
Energy system models; GIS; Heat savings; District heating; Heat atlas; Demand and supply
Main Research Area:
8th Conference on Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems (SDEWES 2013)