1 Department of Electrical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark2 Hearing Systems, Department of Electrical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark
The speech-based envelope power spectrum model (sEPSM) presented by Jørgensen and Dau [(2011). J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 130, 1475-1487] estimates the envelope signal-to-noise ratio (SNRenv) after modulation-frequency selective processing, which accurately predicts the speech intelligibility for normal-hearing listeners in conditions with additive stationary noise, reverberation, and nonlinear processing with spectral subtraction. The latter condition represents a case in which the standardized speech intelligibility index and speech transmission index fail. However, the sEPSM is limited to conditions with stationary interferers due to the long-term estimation of the envelope power and cannot account for the well known phenomenon of speech masking release. Here, a short-term version of the sEPSM is presented, estimating the envelope SNR in 10-ms time frames. Predictions obtained with the short-term sEPSM are compared to data from Kjems et al. [(2009). J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 126 (3), 1415-1426] where speech is mixed with four different interferers, including speech-shaped noise, bottle noise, car noise, and a highly non-stationary cafe noise. The model accounts well for the differences in intelligibility observed for the stationary and non-stationary interferers, demonstrating further that the envelope SNR is crucial for speech comprehension.
Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 2012, Vol 131, p. 3341-3341