The parallel operation of dc-dc converters is widely used in distribution systems and uninterruptable power supply systems. Droop control along with virtual resistance (VR) is considered a simple and reliable method for achieving wireless power sharing among converters. In order to enhance the efficiency of the conversion system, this paper implements tertiary level optimization control on the basis of hierarchical control. As the efficiency of each converter changes with output power, VRs are set as decision variables for adjusting power sharing proportion among converters. Genetic algorithm is used in searching for global efficiency optimum. However system dynamic is affected when shifting VRs. Therefore, the stability of a parallel buck converter system is analyzed to examine the influence of VR changing on system dynamics. Based on the stability analysis, a system damping secondary restoration (SDSR) is implemented to readjust the optimization results so as to ensure system stability. Simulation results are shown to demonstrate the improvement of system efficiency and effectiveness of the method.
Proceedings of the Ieee Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition, Ecce 2013, 2013, p. 65-72
5th IEEE Energy Conversion Congress & Expo, ECCE 2013