Blade Element Momentum (BEM) theory is a widely used technique for prediction of wind turbine aerodynamics performance, but the reliability of airfoil data is an important factor to improve the prediction accuracy of aerodynamic loads and power using a BEM code. The airfoil characteristics used in BEM codes are mostly based on 2D wind tunnel measurements of airfoils with constant span. However, a BEM code using airfoil data obtained directly from 2D wind tunnel measurements will not yield the correct loading and power. As a consequence, 2D airfoil characteristics have to be corrected by using some models before they can be used in a BEM code. In this article, the airfoil data for the MEXICO (Model EXperiments in Controlled cOnditions) rotor are extracted from CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) results. The azimuthally averaged velocity is used as the sectional velocity to define the angle of attack and the coefficient of lift and drag is determined by the forces on the blade. The extracted airfoil data are put into a BEM code without corrections of rotational or tip effects, and the calculated axial and tangential forces are compared to both computations using BEM with Shen’s tip loss correction models and experimental data. The comparisons show that the present method of determination of angle of attack is correct, and the re-calculated forces have good agreements with the experiment.
Proceedings of the 2013 International Conference on Aerodynamics of Offshore Wind Energy Systems and Wakes (icowes2013), 2013, p. 347-357
Wind turbine; Rotor aerodynamics; Airfoil data
Main Research Area:
International Conference on aerodynamics of Offshore Wind Energy Systems and wakes (ICOWES 2013)