ASIM (Atmosphere-Space Interactions Monitor) is an instrument suite for studies of severe thunderstorms and their effects on the atmosphere and ionosphere. The instruments are designed to observe transient luminous events (TLEs)—sprites, blue jets and elves—and terrestrial gamma-ray flashes (TGFs). The instruments will also observe chemical effects on the atmosphere, cloud properties, aerosol loading and other processes and parameters relevant to climate. ASIM is a payload for the International Space Station developed within the European Space Agency (ESA) Directorate of Human Spaceflight. The main partners of the payload team are from Denmark, Spain, Norway and Poland. More than 80 research groups are in the ASIM science team. ASIM is expected launched in 2013 on a Japanese Heavy Transfer Vehicle (HTV).
High-power Particle Beams (beams), International Conference on: Aip Conference Proceedings, 2009, p. 8-12