OBJECTIVE: To compare outcomes with trial of labor after cesarean (TOLAC) or elective repeat cesarean delivery on maternal request (ERCD-MR). DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Danish university hospital. POPULATION: Women with TOLAC (n = 1161) and women with ERCD-MR (n = 622) between 2003 and 2010. Exclusion criteria were diabetes, two prior cesarean sections, index cesarean at a different hospital, a delivery after the index cesarean, twin gestation, gestational age <37(+0) weeks and stillbirth. METHODS: Data were obtained from the Aarhus Birth Cohort database, which comprised prospective registration of the deliveries. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Adverse neonatal outcomes, risk factors for emergency cesarean, and uterine rupture in case of TOLAC. RESULTS: TOLAC was associated with an increased risk of neonatal depression [odds ratio (OR) 3.6, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.1-19.1] and neonatal intensive care unit admission (adjusted OR 1.9, 95% CI 1.3-2.8). Within the TOLAC group 67% delivered vaginally. In the TOLAC group 1.3% (n = 15) of the women had a complete uterine rupture. None of these infants had sequelae after 12 months. Significant risk factors for emergency cesarean were no prior vaginal delivery (adjusted OR 1.8, 95% CI 1.1-3.0), index emergency cesarean during labor (adjusted OR 3.0, 95% CI 2.3-4.1), maternal age ≥35 years (adjusted OR 1.9, 95% CI 1.3-2.8), pre-pregnancy body mass index ≥30 (adjusted OR 2.1, 95% CI 1.3-3.3), and birthweight 4000-4499 g (adjusted OR 1.5, 95% CI 1.1-2.1). Uterine rupture was associated with the use of epidural analgesia (OR 2.2, 95% CI 1.1-4.9) and no prior vaginal delivery (p = 0.03). CONCLUSION: TOLAC is an acceptable individualized option for women without major risk factors.
Acta Obstetrica Et Gynecologica, 2013, Vol 92, Issue 11, p. 1256-63