Surgical treatment of long-gap esophageal atresia (LGEA) is challenging. Methods which facilitate stretching of the esophageal pouches may allow primary anastomosis. Botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A) blocks acetylcholine release in neuromuscular junctions, thereby causing muscle relaxation. We hypothesized that intramural injections with BTX-A into the esophageal wall of piglets would significantly elongate the tissue upon stretch.
Journal of Pediatric Surgery, 2013, Vol 48, Issue 10, p. 2032-5