A protective loop ileostomy is used to reduce the incidence and consequences of anastomotic failure following colorectal resection. Closure of a loop ileostomy is associated with low mortality but many studies have demonstrated high morbidity rates. The aim of this review is to examine the existing evidence on the morbidity following closure of loop ileostomies and to investigate possible risk factors for complications. There is no consensus in the literature about the risk factors for complications. Counseling of the patient about the risks for complications is emphasized.
Ugeskrift for Laeger, 2011, Vol 173, Issue 22, p. 1563-7