Since perforated peptic ulcer is uncommon in children proton pump inhibitor prophylaxis is not routinely recommended when children are treated with high dose steroids. We describe a case of perforated ulcer in a six-year-old patient with nephrotic syndrome treated with high dose prednisolone. Initially, ulcer was not suspected due to uncharacteristic symptoms. The child developed peritoneal signs and surgery revealed a perforated peptic ulcer in the stomach. We recommend treatment with proton pump inhibitors if children, who are treated with high dose steroids develop abdominal symptoms, which can be caused by an ulcus.
Ugeskrift for Laeger, 2012, Vol 174, Issue 39, p. 2308-10