Biegel, Benjamin2; Hansen, Lars Henrik6; Andersen, Palle2; Stoustrup, Jakob2
1 Department of Electronic Systems, The Technical Faculty of IT and Design, Aalborg University, VBN2 Automation & Control, The Technical Faculty of IT and Design, Aalborg University, VBN3 The Faculty of Engineering and Science (TECH), Aalborg University, VBN4 Aalborg U Robotics, The Faculty of Humanities, Aalborg University, VBN5 Strategic Research Centre on Zero Energy Buildings, The Faculty of Engineering and Science, Aalborg University, VBN6 DONG Energy
We consider an aggregator managing a portfolio of ON/OFF demand-side devices. The devices are able to shift con- sumption in time within certain energy limitations; moreover, the devices are able to measure the system frequency and switch ON and OFF accordingly. We show how the aggregator can manage the portfolio of devices to collectively provide a primary reserve delivery in an unbundled liberalized electricity market setting under current regulations. Furthermore, we formulate a binary linear optimization problem that minimizes the aggregator’s cost of providing a primary reserve delivery of a given volume, and demonstrate this method on numerical examples.
Ieee Transactions on Smart Grid, 2013, Vol 4, Issue 4, p. 2061-2071