Biegel, Benjamin2; Hansen, Lars Henrik6; Andersen, Palle2; Stoustrup, Jakob2
1 Department of Electronic Systems, The Faculty of Engineering and Science (ENG), Aalborg University, VBN2 Automation & Control, The Faculty of Engineering and Science (ENG), Aalborg University, VBN3 The Faculty of Engineering and Science (TECH), Aalborg University, VBN4 Aalborg U Robotics, The Faculty of Humanities, Aalborg University, VBN5 Strategic Research Centre on Zero Energy Buildings, The Faculty of Engineering and Science (ENG), Aalborg University, VBN6 DONG Energy
We consider an aggregator managing a portfolio of ON/OFF demand-side devices. The devices are able to shift con- sumption in time within certain energy limitations; moreover, the devices are able to measure the system frequency and switch ON and OFF accordingly. We show how the aggregator can manage the portfolio of devices to collectively provide a primary reserve delivery in an unbundled liberalized electricity market setting under current regulations. Furthermore, we formulate a binary linear optimization problem that minimizes the aggregator’s cost of providing a primary reserve delivery of a given volume, and demonstrate this method on numerical examples.
Ieee Transactions on Smart Grid, 2013, Vol 4, Issue 4, p. 2061-2071