1 Department of Physics, Technical University of Denmark2 Quantum Physics and Information Techology, Department of Physics, Technical University of Denmark3 University of Copenhagen
We investigate the optical nonlinear effects of a long-range surface plasmon polariton mode propagating on a thin gold film. These effects may play a key role in the design of future nanophotonic circuits as they allow for the realization of active plasmonic elements. We demonstrate a significant enhancement of the transmission on a timescale below a millisecond as well as a phase shift exceeding 2π already for modest peak powers of 150 mW. On the contrary, slow effects suppress the transmission on a millisecond timescale.