Acute colonic pseudo-obstruction (ACPO), also known as Ogilvie's syndrome, is a clinical condition with acute dilatation of the colon without a provable mechanical cause. Early recognition and treatment of the condition is important in order to improve the outcome. The diagnosis is based on clinical and radiographic findings. Supportive therapy should be the initial management. If no improvement occurs after 24 hours, medical treatment with neostigmine administered i.v. is instituted and repeated if necessary. Colonoscopic decompression is the next step, but if ischaemia or perforation appear surgery should be performed.
Ugeskrift for Laeger, 2013, Vol 175, Issue 17, p. 1176-80