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1 Department of Management Engineering, Technical University of Denmark 2 Production and Service Management, Department of Management Engineering, Technical University of Denmark 3 Implementation and Performance Management, Production and Service Management, Department of Management Engineering, Technical University of Denmark 4 Linköping University 5 University of Borås 6 Lund University 7 Lund University
In recent decades, comprehensive rationalisations have been implemented in public dentistry in Sweden. How rationalisations affect working conditions, health and production from a long-term perspective has been poorly investigated. This study aims to analyse changes and associations in dentists' working conditions, health and productivity during a 5-year period. In 2003 and 2008, 65 dentists responded to questionnaires measuring work conditions and health. Treatment times for patients and productivity were tracked in electronic registers. Paired t-tests showed that the number of treated adult patients per dentist increased, and perceived physical working conditions improved while perceived work control and leadership deteriorated. Structural equation modelling showed that physical factors were important for health and productivity. When assessing risks in the work environment, there is a need to understand the interaction of effects on working conditions and health due to rationalisations so as to increase the sustainability of production systems. Practioner Summary: Dentistry in Sweden has undergone considerable change. Questionnaire surveys with dentists, undertaken in 2003 and 2008, found that the present rationalisations resulted in improved perceived physical working conditions. Aspects of the psychosocial working environment had deteriorated, however. This is a concern as health and workability are important for workplace efficiency. © 2013 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.
Ergonomics, 2013, Vol 56, Issue 9, p. 1376-1386
Dentistry; Health; Patient treatment; Production; Productivity; Risk assessment; Surveys; Sustainable development; Health risks
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