Abstract Physiological responses and performance were examined during and after a simulated trampoline competition (STC). Fifteen elite trampoline gymnasts participated, of which whereas eight completed two routines (EX1 and EX2) and a competition final (EX3). Trampoline-specific activities were quantified by video-analysis. Countermovement jump (CMJ) and 20 maximal trampoline jump (20-MTJ) performances were assessed. Heart rate (HR) and quadriceps muscle temperature (T m) were recorded and venous blood was drawn. A total of 252 ± 16 jumps were performed during the STC. CMJ performance declined (P <0.05) by 3.8, 5.2 and 4.2% after EX1, EX2 and EX3, respectively, and was 4.8% lower (P <0.05) than baseline 24 h post-competition. 20-MTJ flight time was ∼1% shorter (P <0.05) for jump 1-10 after EX2 and 24 h post STC. T m increased (P <0.05) to ∼39°C after the warm-up, but declined (P <0.05) 1.0 and 0.6ºC before EX2 and EX3, respectively. Peak HR was 95-97% HR max during EX1-3. Peak blood lactate, plasma K(+) and NH3 were 6.5 ± 0.5, 6.0 ± 0.2 mmol · l(-1) and 92 ± 10 µmol · l(-1), respectively. Plasma CK increased (P <0.05) by ∼50 and 65% 0 and 24 h after STC. In conclusion, a trampoline gymnastic competition includes a high number of repeated explosive and energy demanding jumps, which impairs jump performance during and 24 h post-competition.
Journal of Sports Sciences, 2013, Vol 31, Issue 16, p. 1761-1769