Larsen, Christian Grønhøj4; Gyldenløve, Mette4; Linneberg, Allan5
1 Graduate School of Health and Medical Sciences, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Københavns Universitet2 Graduate School of Health and Medical Sciences, Graduate School of Health and Medical Sciences, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Københavns Universitet3 Department of Clinical Medicine, Department of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Københavns Universitet4 unknown5 Department of Clinical Medicine, Department of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Københavns Universitet
Results from a general population study of Danish adults
INTRODUCTION: A few earlier studies have indicated that allergic rhinitis (AR) is under-diagnosed and under-treated. OBJECTIVE: To assess awareness, diagnosis and treatment of allergic rhinitis in a general population of Danish adults. METHODS: Between October 2007 and June 2008, a total of 1277 consecutive participants in a Danish general population study of 18-69-year-olds were skin prick tested and asked about respiratory symptoms. AR was defined as a combination of self-reported rhinitis symptoms and skin prick test reactivity against inhalant allergens. Participants reporting rhinitis symptoms completed an additional questionnaire on medication for rhinitis symptoms. RESULTS: The prevalence of AR was 23.1%. A total of 43.6% (n=122/280) of persons with AR had not received any treatment in the previous 12 months and only 56.6% (n=163/288) had been given a diagnosis of hay fever by a doctor. 48.5% (n= 143/295) reported both AR and lower airway symptoms indicating more severe AR. These persons were significantly more likely to having received treatment in previous 12 months and a diagnosis of hay fever. CONCLUSION: Our results support that even in an affluent country like Denmark AR is often un-diagnosed and un-treated. There appears to be a need for increased awareness of AR with regard to both diagnosis and treatment.
Clinical Respiratory Journal, 2013, Vol 7, p. 354-58