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1 Center for Nuclear Technologies, Technical University of Denmark 2 Radioecology and Tracer Studies, Center for Nuclear Technologies, Technical University of Denmark 3 Hohai University 4 unknown 5 Yangzhou Hydrology and Water Resources Investigation Bureau 6 United Arab Emirates University 7 Uppsala University 8 Lund University 9 Hohai University 10 United Arab Emirates University 11 Lund University
The semi-enclosed Baltic Sea represents a vital economic and recreational resource for more than 90 million people inhabiting its coasts. Extensive contamination of this sea by a variety of anthropogenic pollutants has raised the concern of the people in the region. Quantifying seawater inflow is crucial for estimating potential environmental risks as well as to find the best remedial strategy. We present here a model to estimate water inflow from the North Sea to the Baltic Sea by utilizing 129I as a tracer. The results predicted inflow range of 230-450 km3/y with best fit value around 330 km3/y from the North Sea to the Baltic Sea during 1980-1999. Despite limited time series data on 129I, the model presented here demonstrates a new management tool for the Baltic Sea to calculate inflow water compared to conventional methods (such as salinity, temperature and hydrographic models). Crown Copyright © 2013 Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Applied Radiation and Isotopes, 2013, Vol 82, p. 223-231
Flux; Iodine; Mathematical models; Radioisotopes; Baltic Sea
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