Abstract Background and aim. From a clinical point of view determination of glomerular filtration rate (clearance) is important. The aim of the present study was to compare the one-sample clearance to reference multiple-sample (51)Cr-EDTA clearance in consecutively referred children suspected of or with established nephro-urological disorders. Material and methods. A total of 75 children, age ½-13 years, received a quantitative intravenous injection of (51)Cr-EDTA followed by six plasma samples 10-120 min after injection. The multiple-sample clearance was measured as injected dose relative to the area under the plasma radioactivity curve. The one-sample clearance was determined from a single plasma sample collected at 60, 90 or 120 min after injection according to the one-pool method. Results. The overall accuracy of one-sample clearance was excellent with mean numeric difference to the reference value of 0.7-1.7 mL/min. In 64 children, the one-sample clearance was within ± 4 mL/min of the multiple-sample value. However, in 11 children the numeric difference exceeded 4 mL/min (4.4-19.5). Analysis of age, body size, distribution volume, indicator retention time, clearance level, curve fitting, and sampling time could not explain the observed large difference between one-sample and multiple-sample clearance in these 15% of the children. Conclusion. In the majority of children there is an excellent agreement between one-sample clearance and multiple-sample clearance. However, unexpectedly in a small fraction (15%) larger discrepancies are found. If an accurate clearance value is essential a multiple-sample determination should be performed.
Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation, 2013, Vol 73, Issue 6, p. 466-475