1 Department of Cardiology, Medical Center, Amager and Hvidovre Hospital, The Capital Region of Denmark2 Medical Center, Amager and Hvidovre Hospital, The Capital Region of Denmark3 Copenhagen City Heart Study, Bispebjerg and Frederiksberg Hospital, The Capital Region of Denmark4 Institut for Klinisk Medicin - Ergoterapi- og Fysioterapiafdelingen, Aalborg Sygehus
To a large extent population blood pressure (PBP) affects morbidity and mortality in the society. Reports indicated that PBP decreased in many western countries. The associations between the main cardiovascular risk factors and the changing PBP have been described. The aim of this study was to investigate association between income factors and trends in population BP and hypertension. Copenhagen City Heart Study is a prospective longitudinal epidemiological study on almost 20000 individuals through four surveys from 1976 to 2003. The BP measurement was fully standardised. Questionnaires on household income and CV risk factors were completed by the participants. After adjustment for cardiovascular risk factors there were no significant differences in systolic BP (SBP) trend associated to income among men. Among women, however, there was a reverse relationship between SBP and income. In addition, there was a trend towards a lowering of risk-factor adjusted SBP in the high income women with time. The mechanism that lies behind the associations between trend in SBP and income is not known but data suggest that poor lifestyle may explain some of the differences. The treated hypertensives are treated without income associated treatment differences. In conclusion: Women in higher income groups have lower SBP than women in low-income groups and the gap between SBP in high-income women and low-income women increased with time. There were no significant differences in SBP-trend associated to income among men. Results in treating hypertension did not differ between the income groups.
European Journal of Internal Medicine, 2013, Vol 24, Issue 6, p. 568-72