Nodal upstaging after surgical intervention for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) occurs when unsuspected lymph node metastases are found during the final evaluation of surgical specimens. Recent data from The Society of Thoracic Surgery (STS) database demonstrated significantly lower nodal upstaging after thoracoscopic (VATS) lobectomy than after thoracotomy. STS data, however, may be biased from voluntary reporting, and survival was not investigated. We used a complete national registry to compare nodal upstaging and survival after lobectomy by VATS or thoracotomy.
Annals of Thoracic Surgery, 2013, Vol 96, Issue 3, p. 943-950