We report a case of primary HIV encephalitis, which initially presented as acute psychosis. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain was suggestive of vasculitis and multiple infarctions, whereas a brain biopsy after six weeks of symptoms showed HIV encephalitis with microglial nodules, but no signs of vasculitis. We review previous reported cases and radiological findings in HIV encephalitis and discuss the role of antiretroviral therapy and steroids in its management.
International Journal of S T D and a I D S, 2013, Vol 24, Issue 6, p. 489-93
Case Reports; Journal Article; Adult; Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active; Biopsy; Brain; Diagnosis, Differential; Encephalitis, Viral; HIV Infections; Homosexuality, Male; Humans; Magnetic Resonance Imaging; Male; Psychotic Disorders; RNA, Viral; Treatment Outcome