Hollowed, Anne B.3; Barange, Manuel4; Beamish, Richard J.19; Brander, Keith1; Cochrane, Kevern6; Drinkwater, Kenneth20; Foreman, Michael G. G.19; Hare, Jonathan A.8; Holt, Jason21; Ito, Shin-ichi10; Kim, Suam22; King, Jacquelynne R.19; Loeng, Harald20; MacKenzie, Brian R.1; Mueter, Franz J.12; Okey, Thomas A.13; Peck, Myron A.14; Radchenko, Vladimir I.15; Rice, Jake C.16; Schirripa, Michael J.8; Yatsu, Akihiko17; Yamanaka, Yasuhiro23
1 National Institute of Aquatic Resources, Technical University of Denmark2 Centre for Ocean Life, National Institute of Aquatic Resources, Technical University of Denmark3 unknown4 Plymouth Marine Laboratory5 Fisheries and Oceans Canada6 Department of Ichthyology and Fisheries Science7 Institute of Marine Research8 National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration9 National Oceanography Centre10 Tohoku National Fisheries Research Institute11 Pukyong National University12 University of Alaska Fairbanks13 University of Victoria14 Institute for Hydrobiology and Fisheries Science15 Pacific Research Institute of Fisheries and Oceanography16 Department of Fisheries and Oceans17 Fisheries Research Agency18 Hokkaido University19 Fisheries and Oceans Canada20 Institute of Marine Research21 National Oceanography Centre22 Pukyong National University23 Hokkaido University
This paper reviews current literature on the projected effects of climate change on marine fish and shellfish, their fisheries, and fishery-dependent communities throughout the northern hemisphere. The review addresses the following issues: (i) expected impacts on ecosystem productivity and habitat quantity and quality; (ii) impacts of changes in production and habitat on marine fish and shellfish species including effects on the community species composition, spatial distributions, interactions, and vital rates of fish and shellfish; (iii) impacts on fisheries and their associated communities; (iv) implications for food security and associated changes; and (v) uncertainty and modelling skill assessment. Climate change will impact fish and shellfish, their fisheries, and fishery-dependent communities through a complex suite of linked processes. Integrated interdisciplinary research teams are forming in many regions to project these complex responses. National and international marine research organizations serve a key role in the coordination and integration of research to accelerate the production of projections of the effects of climate change on marine ecosystems and to move towards a future where relative impacts by region could be compared on a hemispheric or global level. Eight research foci were identified that will improve the projections of climate impacts on fish, fisheries, and fishery-dependent communities.
Ices Journal of Marine Science, 2013, Vol 70, Issue 5, p. 1023-1037