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1 Department of Micro- and Nanotechnology, Technical University of Denmark 2 Nanoprobes, Department of Micro- and Nanotechnology, Technical University of Denmark 3 Dublin City University 4 Dublin City University
This paper demonstrates the full centrifugal microfluidic integration and automation of all liquid handling steps of a 7-step fluorescence-linked immunosorbent assay (FLISA) for quantifying nitrate and nitrite levels in whole blood within about 15 min. The assay protocol encompasses the extraction of metered plasma, the controlled release of sample and reagents (enzymes, co-factors and fluorescent labels), and incubation and detection steps. Flow control is implemented by a rotationally actuated dissolvable film (DF) valving scheme. In the valves, the burst pressure is primarily determined by the radial position, geometry and volume of the valve chamber and its inlet channel and can thus be individually tuned over an extraordinarily wide range of equivalent spin rates between 1,000 RPM and 5,500 RPM. Furthermore, the vapour barrier properties of the DF valves are investigated in this paper in order to further show the potential for commercially relevant on-board storage of liquid reagents during shelf-life of bioanalytical, ready-to-use discs. © 2013 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
Sensors, 2013, Vol 13, Issue 9, p. 11336-11349
Automation; Blood; Building materials; Centrifugation; Liquids; Magnetic storage; Microfluidics; Nitrates; Fluorescence
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