1 Department of Drug Design and Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Københavns Universitet2 Natural Products and Peptides, Department of Drug Design and Pharmacology, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Københavns Universitet3 Institut für Pharmazeutische und Medizinische Chemie der Westfälischen Wilhelms-Universität Münster, Corrensstraße 48, D-48149 Münster, Germany.4 unknown5 Department of Drug Design and Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Københavns Universitet
Inhibitors of the UDP-3-O-[(R)-3-hydroxymyristoyl]-N-acetylglucosamine deacetylase (LpxC) represent promising candidates for the development of antibiotics possessing a so far unexploited mechanism of action. In a chiral pool synthesis, starting from the D-mannose derived mannonolactone 4, conformationally constrained C-glycosidic as well as open chained hydroxamic acids with a defined stereochemistry were prepared. Diversity was introduced by performing C–C coupling reactions like the Sonogashira and Suzuki cross-coupling reactions. The biological evaluation of the synthesized compounds revealed that in the case of the C-glycosides a long, linear and rigid hydrophobic side chain is required for antibiotic activity against E. coli. The open chain derivatives show higher biological activity than the conformationally constrained C-glycosides. The morpholinomethyl substituted open chain derivative 43, being the most potent compound presented in this paper, inhibits LpxC with a Ki value of 0.35 μM and represents a promising lead structure.
Organic and Biomolecular Chemistry, 2013, Vol 11, Issue 36, p. 6056-70